Novaya Zemlya, also spelled Novaia Zemlia, archipelago in northwestern Russia, lying in the Arctic Ocean and separating the Barents and Kara seas. Novaya Zemlya (“New Land”) consists of two large islands, Severny (northern) and Yuzhny (southern), aligned for 600 miles (1,000 km) in a southwest-northeast direction, plus several smaller islands.
Where is Novaya Zemlya located? Novaya Zemlya, also spelled Novaia Zemlia, archipelago in northwestern Russia, lying in the Arctic Ocean and separating the Barents and Kara seas. Novaya Zemlya (“New Land”) consists of two large islands, Severny (northern) and Yuzhny (southern), aligned for 600 miles (1,000 km) in a southwest-northeast direction, plus several smaller islands.
Where is Nova Zembla? “New Land” ), also known as Nova Zembla (especially in Dutch ), is an archipelago in the Arctic Ocean in northern Russia and the extreme northeast of Europe, the easternmost point of Europe lying at Cape Flissingsky on the Northern island. West of Novaya Zemlya is the Barents Sea, and to the east is the Kara Sea .
What was Novaya Zemlya used for? In 1943, Novaya Zemlya briefly served as a secret seaplane base for Nazi Germany ‘s Kriegsmarine, to provide German surveillance of Allied shipping en route to Siberia. The seaplane base was established by U-255 and U-711, which were operating along the northern coast of Soviet Russia as part of 13th U-boat Flotilla.
What happened in Novaya Zemlya? In February 2019, a mass migration occurred in the northeastern portion of Novaya Zemlya. Dozens of polar bears were seen entering homes, public buildings, and inhabited areas, so Arkhangelsk region authorities declared a state of emergency on Saturday, February 16, 2019.  
novaya zemlya population
What happened to Novaya Zemlya? Decommissioned nuclear weapons and nuclear submarines were also scuttled around the islands, turning the entire region into an environmental disaster zone. In July 1954, the two islands of Novaya Zemlya (“New Land”) on the Russian Arctic coast were designated a nuclear weapons test site.
What is the ecology of Novaya Zemlya? The ecology of Novaya Zemlya is influenced by its severe climate, but the region nevertheless supports a diversity of biota. One of the most notable species present is the polar bear, whose population in the Barents Sea region is genetically distinct from other polar bear subpopulations.
How dangerous is the radiation in Novaya Zemlya? The indigenous population of the region around Novaya Zemlya received even higher radiation doses. Most notably affected by radiation exposure were the semi-nomadic Sami people of the Arctic region and the former inhabitants of Novaya Zemlya, the Nenets people.
How many nuclear tests have there been in Novaya Zemlya? In Novaya Zemlya, a total of 135 nuclear tests were performed in the atmosphere, under water and underground. The explosion of the most powerful hydrogen bomb in human history with a capacity of over 50 megatons at an altitude of 4.5 kilometers also occurred here.