Different casues: Unfortunately large bowel obstruction, particularly in adults, is almost always due to malignancy. Small bowel obstruction on the other hand more commonly occurs from benign conditions, especially in patients who have had prior abdominal surgery. Both conditions would require an imaging test and likely surgery to repair.

How do you prevent small bowel obstruction?

  • Follow your doctor’s instructions: These can include eating a liquid diet to avoid complete blockage.
  • Take your medicines exactly as prescribed: You can call your doctor or nurse line if you think you are having a problem with your medicine.
  • Put a heating pad set on low on your belly to relieve mild cramps and pain.

What are the symptoms of small bowel obstruction? What are the symptoms of small bowel obstruction?

  • Nausea
  • Malaise
  • Lack of appetite
  • Severe. In cases of complete obstruction, a person will not be able to pass stool (feces) or gas. How is small bowel obstruction diagnosed?

What is the diagnosis for small bowel obstruction? Diagnosis of acute small bowel obstruction The diagnosis of majority of cases of bowel obstruction can be made based on clinical presentation and initial plain radiograph of the abdomen. Luminal contrast studies, computed tomography (CT scan), and ultrasonography (US) are utilized in select cases.

What are the most common signs of bowel obstruction? What Are the Symptoms of Partial Bowel Obstruction?

  • Abdominal Pain. If the bowel is partially blocked, contents of the intestine can start to back up and cause cramping as well as bloating and distention.
  • Nausea and Vomiting. If you have a partial blockage, you may feel full after eating just a small amount of food.
  • Constipation and Diarrhea.
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bowel movements with bowel obstruction

Medication Antibiotics: Antibiotics are given in case of infection.


Antiemetic: To prevent/treat nausea and vomiting.


Analgesics: To reduce pain.


A portion of the intestine or the entire intestine may have to be removed.

This is done when a surgery is not feasible.


If the obstruction is caused by electrolyte imbalance, dehydration, ileus or small obstruction.

This is used to treat partial obstruction, by putting the patient on fasting for a few hours.


Foods to eat:

  • Clear liquids such as broth, gelatin and ice pops, full liquids such as milkshakes and soups
  • Low fiber diet to minimize bowel movements and reduce gas and cramps

Foods to avoid:

  • Beans, nuts and seeds
  • Cheese

Specialist To ConsultSpecialist To Consult

Specializes in the digestive system and its disorders.

What are the causes?Best prevention methodsHow is this diagnosed?Source: Focus Medica . For informational purposes only. Consult a medical professional for advice. Was this helpful?What are the symptoms of a bowel obstruction? Symptoms of small-bowel obstruction can include: Cramping abdominal pain, generally coming in intense waves that strike at intervals of five to 15 minutes and sometimes center either on the navel or between the navel and rib cage (Pain that becomes constant may be a symptom of bowel strangulation) Symptoms of large-bowel obstruction can include:

What is small bowel obstruction? Small bowel obstruction is a partial or complete blockage of the small intestine, which is a part of the digestive system. Small bowel obstruction can be caused by many things, including adhesions, hernia and inflammatory bowel disorders. Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment are discussed. Appointments & Locations. Chat with Appointment Agent.

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Can you pass stool with a bowel obstruction? If complete obstruction, then you will not be able to pass stool, though initially you might pass some stool that was present distal to the obstruction. In severe cases of bowel obstruction, you will even not be able to pass gas, and your abdomen will be painful and distended, and you will be throwing up also.

What is a mechanical bowel obstruction? In a mechanical bowel obstruction, the stool is physically blocked from moving through the intestine, much like household plumbing may be blocked. A blockage could be caused by: Hernia. Scar tissue (adhesions) Impacted stool. Gallstones. Tumor.

How do you prevent small bowel obstruction?


Some forms of obstruction can be prevented. Prevention measures focus on preventing underlying causes:

  • Avoid heavy lifting to prevent hernia
  • Maintain a well balanced diet including sufficient fiber and fluids
  • Get colorectal cancer screening done after the age of 50

SymptomsSymptoms If you are experiencing new, severe, or persistent symptoms, contact a health care provider.

Common symptoms include:

  • Inability to pass gas or stool
  • Severe bloating
  • Abdominal pain
  • Decreased appetite
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea
  • Severe Abdominal cramps


  • Causes may be due to physical obstruction or poor functioning of the intestine as a result of medications, surgery or nervous system disorders.
  • Physical obstruction:
  • Tumor
  • Hernia
  • Twisting of the intestines
  • Fecal impaction
  • Poor functional causes could be due to
  • Ileus: inability of bowel to contract as required
  • Certain medications
  • Nervous system disorders like Parkinson’s disease
  • Infections such as gastroenteritis or appendicitis


If untreated for a prolonged period it may lead to

  • Intestine rupture
  • Perforation (hole that forms in the intestines)
  • Infection
  • Tissue death
  • Sepsis, a life-threatening blood infection
  • Multiple organ failures
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Common treatment optionsDiet recommendationsHow is this diagnosed?Source: Focus Medica . For informational purposes only. Consult a medical professional for advice. Was this helpful?

How to progress your diet after a small bowel obstruction? Chhabra advises a number of dietary modifications:

  • Avoid high-fiber foods and dry meats.
  • Consume five or six small meals a day, rather than two or three large ones.
  • Chew food thoroughly, at least 20 times or until it is liquid in your mouth.
  • Drink plenty of fluids.

What are the early signs of bowel obstruction? Symptoms of small bowel obstruction may include the following:

  • Abdominal (stomach) cramps and pain
  • Bloating
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Dehydration
  • Malaise (an overall feeling of illness)
  • Lack of appetite
  • Severe constipation. In cases of complete obstruction, a person will not be able to pass stool (feces) or gas.

What foods to eat during a bowel obstruction? What soft foods can I eat?

  • Smoothies and shakes.
  • Yogurt, pudding and ice cream.
  • Avocado.
  • Smooth soups, or those with very soft chunks.
  • Mashed potatoes, or a soft baked potato without the skin.
  • Cooked fruits, like applesauce.
  • Ripe fruits, like bananas or peaches without the skin.

By Reiki

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