Head lice are tiny parasitic insects that survive by feeding on human blood. They cling to the base of the hair shaft close to the scalp and can lead to considerable itching, irritation and inflammation of surrounding skin. An adult head louse is about 2-3mm in length and a light tan or grey color. Although they cannot fly or jump, they can move quickly through human hair and have specific preferences when it comes to what kind of hair they prefer to inhabit. Unfortunately, all types of human heads are at risk for lice infestation.

What lice look like

Lice are tiny, wingless insects that can make their homes on your scalp and even on your pet. Although they might look similar to dandruff, they’re usually a light brown color and have six legs. They feed on human blood and can cause itchiness, redness, and inflammation in the hair follicles.

Let’s take a closer look at what lice look like and what kind of hair they live in:


Lice are very small insects, ranging in size from 1.3 to 2.5 millimeters in length and grayish white or tan in color. They have six legs which they use to cling tightly to the hair shafts of their host. Lice eggs, or nits, are about the size of a knot in thread and are usually yellow, white or brown in color.

A single female louse can lay up to six eggs each day and soon a full-fledged lice infestation can take over an individual’s scalp if left unchecked. Nits are glued firmly to strands of hair using a special glue that requires special products to remove and can be found at all stages of development around the scalp, close to the root and base of the hair shafts.

Adult lice may also attach themselves to hairs while they feed on blood from their host’s scalp using tiny claws located at the end of their legs which opposes their need for nutrition by causing intense itching on their host’s scalp as well as irritability from lack of sleep due to constant scratching agitation from these pests.


Head lice, or Pediculus humanus capitis, are small wingless insects that feed on human blood obtained from the scalp. They can range in color from tan to gray and usually measure about 2.5 millimeters in length. Head lice can be found on the head, neck, and in some cases, even eyebrows and eyelashes of people with an infestation.

Although head lice do not physically discriminate against any hair type or color, they tend to prefer darker hair because it is easier to camouflage and blend in. For this reason, they are typically more prevalent among dark-haired individuals; however, people with lighter-colored hair are not immune. The important factor is not necessarily the color of one’s hair but rather whether it provides adequate warmth and access to human blood that the lice need for sustenance.


Lice are small, wingless insects that live on people’s scalps and feed on their blood. During a lice infestation, it is important to recognize what adult lice look like in order to detect and treat them. Adult lice have a distinctive shape. They are about 2–3 mm long and have six legs for clinging onto hair shafts. Their heads are wider than their bodies and their abdomens taper towards the end. Both males and females have claws that allow them to grab onto hair shafts for stability when moving about the scalp.

See also  How do you calculate percentage of completion in Excel?

Adult female lice lay oval-shaped eggs or “nits” on the hair shaft close to the scalp; these eggs will then hatch into nymphs two weeks later if allowed to remain undisturbed. Nits are tan to white colored and vary in size from 1/16-1/8 of an inch long, often resembling pieces of dandruff clinging onto a single strand of hair although they cannot be easily removed by brushing or combing the hair like dandruff can be, but require either a lice removing product or fine-toothed comb.

Types of Hair Lice Prefer

Hair lice are tiny parasites that feed on human blood and can live in any type of hair, from short to long and from straight to curly. It is important to note that although any type of hair can be susceptible to lice infestations, lice tend to prefer certain types of hair. This article will explain what types of hair lice prefer and how to best care for each type to help avoid lice infestations.

Long hair

Hair length is one of the factors which can affect the prevalence of lice, as head lice have evolved to prefer and climb long hair more than short hair. Longer hair, both in males and females, provide more hiding spots for lice to hide between the strands, in addition to having more friction from the additional strands that makes it easier for lice to travel. This discrepancy is seen in studies conducted on students with long heads of hair who were more likely to be inflicted by head lice than those with shorter hair.

The type of hairstyle can also determine your risk for infestation. Due to its coiled shape, tightly curled black hair makes it harder for head lice to move and spread between strands; this led scientists from INRAE in France and University of Turin in Italy on a subject study that found that low-density populations are observed on African-American scalps compared to Asian or Caucasian scalps. However, as previously mentioned, other factors such as uncomfortable self-treatments may weigh out this biological protection against active transmission and increase the risk of infestation among individuals no matter their hair type or hairstyle.

Curly hair

An easy way to determine the type of hair lice prefer is by its texture. Although lice can live in any kind of hair, they often prefer a certain kind of texture. Depending on the type of lice, some varieties are attracted to curly hair, while others tend to gravitate to straight or coarse hair.

Lice feed on blood from the scalp and therefore like warm, moist environments that provide good shelter for laying eggs. Curly or wavy hair works well towards their needs as the dull edges of the individual hairs provides more surface area for lice eggs to attach and hide in without slipping off easily.

See also  What is the depth of Cable bury?

These particular types of lice are often found in people with kinky and curlier textured hair because it holds on better and keeps them safe from being eliminated due to shampooing or brushing too vigorously. This makes it easier for them to spread through personal contact as well as being able to jump onto another person’s head in a tight situation where everybody is close together like movie houses or school auditoriums. They can also spread through shared clothing, hats and shared combs/brushes used by family member infected with head lice.

One needs only be vigilant about keeping an eye out for these common signs such as people complaining about itching around the scalp area, small white eggs among strands of curly/wavy locks when examining with a fine-toothed comb every few days could prevent any further outbreaks from happening within a family or group setting.

Coarse hair

There are different types of lice, but they all prefer to live in coarse hair. This includes hair that is thick and tough, as well as curly or wavy. Lice can also survive in very fine strands of hair but may be harder to locate because the single strands make it difficult for lice to attach themselves without tangling. Most of the time, lice are discovered on the scalp and behind the ears, since those areas have thicker cuticles and provide more access points for lice to burrow into. Additionally, lice prefer a warm environment and prefer hair that is kept clean with minimal product use.

Apart from consistently washing your hair with organic products or natural alternatives like baking soda or apple cider vinegar, there are additional steps you may take to limit an infestation:

  • Limit the use of conditioners and leave-in products on recently washed hair until dry.
  • Wash any articles of clothing which come into contact with your scalp.
  • Vacuum upholstered furniture often.
  • Wash brushes used on your head after each use.
  • Switch hats daily so they do not become overloaded with louse eggs.
  • Avoid sharing combs or other items which come in contact with someone else’s head or scalp (such as hats).

How to Prevent Lice Infestations

Knowing how lice spread and thrive can be a great start to help you prevent lice infestations. Lice prefer hair that is clean and not too oily, as they are attracted to the smell of the scalp’s natural oils. Lice also prefer smooth, straight hair as it provides an ideal environment for them to live in. Knowing this important information can help you to create a plan on how to prevent lice infestations.

Avoid sharing hair items

To reduce the risk of your family getting lice, it is important to practice prevention. One of the most common ways that head lice are spread is through contact with shared items, such as scarves and hats, or small objects like grooming tools. To avoid passing lice to someone else or getting them from another person, limit your contact with items that touch someone else’s head.

It is also important to be mindful of where you keep your belongings. For example, if a friend borrows your hat and then puts it back in the same spot you keep it in, there is a risk of them passing their lice onto you when you wear it again. Use different hooks for each person’s items in your home – this can help stop lice from transferring between family members and friends easily.

See also  Where can I buy Clary Sage essential oil?

When away from home, make sure to store any prized hair accessories separately so they will not be come contaminated by somebody else’s items. Don’t let anyone borrow items like combs, brushes or hair clips – if someone must use one of these things on your head or theirs, it should be disposed after immediate use (or sterilized). When engaging in physical activities such as sports where helmets are shared amongst teams or groups ensure to put on a hat after putting on the helmet which can help serve as another barrier against lice.

Regularly wash and condition hair

Regularly washing and conditioning your hair can be an effective way to prevent lice infestations. Lice like to live in clean hair and cannot survive without a blood meal from the scalp. Washing and conditioning your hair helps remove lice eggs (nits) from the scalp, so it’s important to incorporate this into your regular routine to help prevent lice infestations.

Additionally, make sure you use a nit comb after each shampooing session (approximately every 10 days, for adults) as part of your regular grooming routine. By using a nit comb regularly, you can reduce the number of hatchlings that find their way onto your scalp.

Use lice-repellent products

Using lice-repellent products is an effective way to prevent a lice infestation. These products often contain natural ingredients such as essential oils that act as repellents by blocking the sense of smell and taste that lice crave. They also coat the hair in a thin film, making it more difficult for the lice to attach itself to individual strands of hair.

Many products are specifically designed for different types of hair and can be used on a regular basis. Some products such as shampoos, conditioners and sprays can be used after every shampooing session; while combs, brushes and other tools should be washed with hot water daily to help prevent any residue or accumulation of bugs or eggs in their bristles.

In addition, certain natural oil treatments can also provide protection against head lice. Mixing one tablespoon of olive oil with five drops of tea tree oil will create a powerful combination that can discourage lice from attaching to individual strands of hair. Applying this mixture onto scalp and throughout the length of your hair at least once per week will create an effective barrier against head lice infestations.


In conclusion, it’s important to remember that lice are more likely to thrive in hair that is clean, long, and not too oily. Therefore, the best way to prevent lice infestation is to keep hair clean and well-maintained on a regular basis. Additionally, it is important to avoid sharing things such as hats, combs, brushes, or other headwear with those who may be infected with lice or may have recently been exposed.

With proper precautions and an understanding of the types of hair lice prefer, you can reduce your risk of contracting a louse infection.

By Reiki

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *